Aerobic Gymnastics Description

Aerobic Gymnastics became a member of the gymnastics family, and thus of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) in 1994. In 1997, it became one of the official sports of the World Games in Lahti, Finland.
Aerobic Gymnastics require the ability to perform continuous complex and high intensity movement patterns to music, which originates from traditional aerobic dance. The routine which takes 1 min. 30 sec. must demonstrate a balanced choreography of creative aerobic movements, flexibility, and strength and difficulty elements performed with perfect execution.  Each routine is evaluated by Artistic, Execution, Difficulty Judges and a Chair of Judges Panel. 


The Artistic judges (A) evaluate the Choreography of the whole routine based on the following criteria:

  • Music and Musicality
  • Aerobic Content
  • General Content
  • Use of the Space
  • Artistry

To meet the artistic requirements, a routine must demonstrate creativity, and the choreography must demonstrate sports specific content, variety of movements and a high degree of correlation between music, movement and the competitors’ performance.  For Mixed Pairs, Trios and Groups, 2 lifts are required in a routine.  Artistic is scored according to a scale of a maximum of 10.0.


The Execution judges (E) evaluate perfect execution in all movements.  An excellent routine demonstrates perfect posture and alignment in all movements, flexibility, strength, muscle endurance and power.  Uncontrolled or incomplete movements, take offs, landings, turns and twists result in deductions.  In Mixed Pairs, Trios and Groups all movements must be executed as a unified and matched performance in which a high degree of skill is required.  Execution is scored according to a negative judging starting from 10.0.


The Difficulty judges (D) evaluate the performed elements. Competitors are allowed to perform a maximum of 10 elements from the Element Pool (4 groups).  All elements performed must be from differently families and must include 1 element from each group of the element pool.  In Mixed Pair and Trio, all competitors must perform the same element at the same time or consecutively, in the same or different directions.  Two elements can be combined directly without any stop, hesitation or transition and if they both meet the minimum requirements (COP Appendix II), they will receive an additional 0.1 point. Judges will give a difficulty value for the first 10 elements performed.  If more than 10 elements are performed or the same element is repeated, a deduction of -1.0 is made each time.

All elements that have received a value are added together and divided by :

  • 2 for Men’s and Women’s Individuals, Mixed Pairs, Trios with 3 men and Groups with 5 Men
  • 1,8 for Trios and Groups Mixed or Trios with 3 women and Groups with 5 women

Difficulty deductions are always divided by 2.

Chair of Judge’s Panel

The Chair of judge’s Panel control the work of all judges and also write down the whole routine. The Chair of judge’s Panel makes deductions for the following mistakes: prohibited moves, more/less than 2 lifts, height of the lift, interruption or stop of performance, time infraction/fault, incorrect attire, disciplinary penalties, etc.